Black Fungus Disease : In this post we are talking about Mucormycosis Infection Symptoms, Cause, Treatment, Cases in india. Mucormycosis, or black fungus, is a rare but serious infection that requires medication or removal surgery. With the rise in black fungus cases, India faces a shortage of treatments in the face of two epidemics.
Latest Update : एक बढ़ते महामारी में भारत में घातक “ब्लैक फंगस” से 4,300 से अधिक लोगों की मृत्यु हो गई है जो मुख्य रूप से कोविड -19 रोगियों को प्रभावित करती है। स्वास्थ्य मंत्री मानसुख मांडविया ने कहा है कि भारत ने इस दुर्लभ और खतरनाक संक्रमण के 45,374 मामलों की सूचना दी है, जिसे म्यूकोर्मिकोसिस कहा जाता है। यह नाक, आंखों और कभी-कभी मस्तिष्क को प्रभावित करता है, और आमतौर पर कोविड से वसूली के 12-18 दिनों के बाद हमला करता है। संक्रमित लोगों में से लगभग आधे अभी भी उपचार प्राप्त कर रहे हैं। डॉक्टरों का कहना है कि कवक के पास कोविड के इलाज के लिए उपयोग किए जाने वाले स्टेरॉयड का एक लिंक है, और मधुमेह विशेष जोखिम पर हैं।
Black Fungus Disease
Mucormycosis is also simply known as Black Fungus Disease or Black Fungal Disease. it’s a rare type of fungal infection that occurs through exposure to fungi called mucormycetes. These fungi commonly occur in the environment, particularly in leaves, soil, compost, and animal dung. Mucormycetes can enter the body through breathing, inhaling, and exposed wounds in the skin. Mucormycosis, a serious fungal infection but otherwise rare, has been observed in a number of Covid-19 patients recently. While there is no major outbreak, the national Covid task force has issued an advisory.
Mucormycosis Disease Overview
|Article Title||Black Fungus Disease Infection Symptoms, Fungal Cause, Treatment|
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What is the mucormycosis disease?
Although rare, it is a serious infection. It caused by a group of moulds known as mucormycetes present naturally in the environment. It mainly affects people who are on medication for health problems that reduces their ability to fight environmental pathogens, say experts from the Covid-19 task force task force.
Sinuses or lungs of such individuals get affected after they inhale fungal spores from the air. Doctors in some states have noted a rise in cases of mucormycosis among people hospitalized or recovering from Covid 19, with some requiring urgent surgery. Usually, mucormycetes does not pose a major threat to those with a healthy immune system.
Black Fungus Covid 19
A rare but serious fungal infection, known as mucormycosis and colloquially as “black fungus”, is being detected relatively frequently among Covid-19 patients in some states. The disease often manifests in the skin and also affects the lungs and the brain. With a number of mucormycosis cases detected in Delhi, Maharashtra and Gujarat, experts in the national Covid-19 task force on Sunday issued an evidence-based advisory on the disease.
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Black Fungal Infection Causes
Mucormycetes are a type of mould that causes fungal infections. These moulds can be found everywhere in the environment, including soil, air, and food. They enter the body via the nose, mouth, or eyes and can have an impact on the brain if it is not treated on time. According to medical experts, the main cause of black fungus (mucormycosis) is steroid misuse during COVID treatment.
Black fungus primarily affects people who have health problems or who take medications that reduce the body’s ability to fight germs and illness. The person’s immunity is low after covid treatment, which makes them vulnerable to black fungus infection. People with diabetes and COVID-19 patients are at greater risk of developing an infection.
ब्लैक फंगस इन्फेक्शन
या म्यूकोर्मिकोसिस एक गंभीर बीमारी है लेकिन दुर्लभ फंगल इन्फेक्शन है, यह घातक हो सकता है। 50-80% रोगी इसके साथ मर सकते हैं यदि प्रारंभिक अवस्था में इसका निदान और उपचार नहीं किया जाता है। यह आमतौर पर लोगों में होता है जब प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली कोरोनवायरस (COVID-19), वायरल रोगों, इम्यूनोडिफ़िशिएंसी विकारों, कैंसर, पुरानी बीमारियों, अन्य चिकित्सा स्थितियों से प्रभावित होती है या लोग ऐसी दवाएं लेते हैं जो बीमारी से लड़ने के लिए प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली को दबा देती हैं।
Black Fungus Infection In India
India has been facing high rates of COVID-19, with more than 27 million confirmed cases since January 2020. Also, the World Health Organization (WHO) recently announced that the B.1.617 variant of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in India is a “variant of global concern.”
Black Fungus Infection Symptoms
These include pain and redness around eyes and/or nose, fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, bloody vomits, and altered mental status. Warning signs can include toothache, loosening of teeth, blurred or double vision with pain.
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling on one side of your face
- Sinus congestion
- Black lesions on the top of the nose or the inside of the mouth
- Belly pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Blood in your stool
Black Fungus Infection Treatment
While it is treated with antifungals, mucormycosis may eventually require surgery. Doctors have said that it is of utmost importance to control diabetes, reduce steroid use, and discontinue immunomodulating drugs. To maintain adequate systemic hydration, the treatment includes infusion of normal saline (IV) before infusion of amphotericin B and antifungal therapy, for at least 4-6 weeks.
Experts in the task force have stressed the need to control hyperglycemia , and monitor blood glucose level after discharge following Covid-19 treatment, and also in diabetics. One should use steroids judiciously — correct timing, correct dose and duration are important.
Management of Covid patients with mucormycosis is a team effort involving microbiologists, internal medicine specialists, intensivist neurologist, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, surgeons (maxillofacial/plastic) and others.
Black Fungus Disease FAQ
what is Mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis is a fungal infection caused by the mucormycetes group of fungi. It is abundant in natural environments, particularly soil.
What is Medicine for Black Fungus?
Amphotericin-B is an antifungal medication used to treat a rare infection known as black fungus (mucormycosis). Five more pharmaceutical companies have received new drug approval for the production of Amphotericin-B within three days, according to a statement from the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
Can black Fungus be treated at home?
The medication needed to cure the virus could not be obtained from a medical shop since it could not be treated at home.
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